APIK applies a technical approach centered on place-based resilience, which emphasizes that vulnerability to natural disasters and climate change are directly linked to each locale’s unique landscape, socioeconomic, and institutional characteristics. Place-based resilience moves beyond generalities to understand the climate story at the local government and community levels, and is enabled and strengthened through horizontal collaboration with neighboring communities as well as vertical linkages to the broader policy environment.
Building from the strategic objectives and targeted sectors set forth in the National Action Plan for Climate Change Adaptation, the integrated mutually reinforcing components of APIK’s place-based approach consists of:
• Institutional resilience
Under Indonesia’s decentralized system, place-based resilience requires that national ministries, as well as subnational governments, mainstream DRR and CCA principles into public planning and investments. The strengthening of governance institutions and national-subnational linkages sets the stage for place-based adaptation actions and bolsters the ability of public service providers themselves to withstand and recover from future shocks and crises.
• Socioeconomic resilience
Place-based resilience also requires that DRR/CCA principles be incorporated into business models across different economic sectors, supporting livelihoods and green economic growth. Fostering sustainable incomes is particularly important among the poor, whose resource-based livelihoods often face the greatest exposure to weather stresses and climate shifts.
• Landscape resilience
The vulnerability of place is interconnected with the ecological, hydrological, and meteorological characteristics of the surrounding landscape. Ecosystem services represent important safeguards that protect urban, rural, and island communities from extreme and changing weather. Sustaining these services demands spatially integrated, transboundary resource management using hydro-meteorological data accompanied by the mobilization of upstream and downstream stakeholders around shared environmental risks.
• Climate and weather information (CWI) services
CWI services play an important enabling role in achieving place-based resilience, with the resulting information products informing sound, evidence-based decision making across all tasks
and activities. Climate services are not, however, an end in themselves; rather they are a means for people, businesses, and institutions to better understand their place and how/if it is changing.